Literature review: stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation
The review includes the pivotal randomised controlled trials for warfarin and direct oral anticoagulants as well as relevant publications from the last 18 months. The following search terms were used: ‘stroke prevention’, ‘atrial fibrillation’, dabigatran, rivaroxaban, apixaban, edoxaban, warfarin, ‘oral anticoagulants’, ‘non-VKA oral anticoagulants’, novel oral anticoagulants’, ‘direct oral anticoagulants’, ‘reversal agents’
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Frailty and multi-morbidities should not govern oral anticoagulation therapy prescribing for patients with atrial fibrillationAmeenathul M Fawzy, Brian Olshansky, Gregory Y H Lip, et alFawzy AM et al. Am Heart J. 31 October, 2018. pii: S0002-8703(18)30297-7.
Elaine M. HylekHylek EM et al. Thromb Haemost. 19 November, 2018. Epub ahead of print.
Eric J. Velazquez, David A. Morrow, Adam D. DeVore, et alVelazquez EJ et al. N Engl J Med. 11 November, 2018. Epub ahead of print.
The Guideline-Policy Gap in Direct-Acting Oral Anticoagulants Usage in Atrial Fibrillation: Evidence, Practice, and Public Policy ConsiderationsDouglas Wan, Jeff S. Healey, Chris S. Simpson, et alWan D et al. Can J Cardiol. 2018;34:1412-1425.
Dr Robert Byrne, Prof Georg Nickenig, Prof Stefan Hohnloser, Prof Georg Nickenig, Prof Pepe Zamorano, Dr Jose Lopez-Sendon.
Dr. Amit Mistri
Anticoagulation in heart failure without atrial fibrillation: gaps and dilemmas in current clinical practiceRoxana-Nicoleta Siliste, Elena-Laura Antohi, Sergey Pepoyan, et alSiliste RN et al. Eur J Heart Fail. 5 March, 2018. Epub ahead of print.
Stroke‐prevention strategies in North American patients with atrial fibrillation: The GLORIA‐AF registry programWilliam F. McIntyre, David Conen, Brian Olshansky, et alMcIntyre WF et al. Clin Cardiol. 15 March, 2018. Epub ahead of print.
Anticoagulation use and clinical outcomes after catheter ablation in patients with persistent and longstanding persistent atrial fibrillationJackson J Liang, Melissa A. Elafros, Michael T. Mullen, et alLiang JJ et al. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 7 March, 2018. Epub ahead of print.
Stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation
Despite the evidence-based guidelines for the management of atrial fibrillation (AF), serious gaps continue to exist between clinical knowledge and practice, leaving patients at risk for disabling strokes. It is estimated that up to 67% of AF-related strokes are preventable. The significant increase in mortality and functional impairment is even more alarming, compared to non-AF strokes.
Updated AF treatment guidelines recommend new oral anticoagulants (NOACs) over warfarin for stroke prevention except, in patients with moderate to severe mitral stenosis or a mechanical heart valve. Based on some recent trials, NOACs were superior to warfarin for the prevention of the composite of stroke and systemic embolism in patients with AF and an additional risk factor for stroke. Reversal agents are now also available for NOACs in patients for severe bleeding or emergency procedures.
With the increased utilization of NOACs, it is critical for the clinician to understand the clinical and practical usage of these agents in diverse patient populations and clinical situations.
Hugh Calkins, Stephan Willems, Atul Verma, et al
This study also suggests that the heparin units required to reach the desired ACT may be affected by the time from the last preprocedural dose of dabigatran.
AIMS : To describe heparin dosing requirements in patients who...Calkins H et al. EP Europace, euz057.
Noel C Chan, John W. Eikelboom
In this review, the authors illustrate common challenges with anticoagulant use in older patients by describing five clinical cases and discussing how they decide upon the most appropriate antithrombotic therapy in those clinical situations....Chan NC and Eikelboom JW. Blood. 2019. Epub ahead of print.
Khaji A, Hanley C, Peter R. Kowey, et al
In this editorial, Pokorney and Lopes consider screening for atrial fibrillation (AF)
Heart failure (HF) and atrial fibrillation (AF) are the epidemics of the twenty-first century. These often coexist and are the cause of major morbidity...Khaji A et al. Cardiol Clin. 2019;37:197-206.
Subodh Verma, John JV McMurray
The authors of this editorial refer to the latest publications from DECLARE-TIMI 58 and the CANVAS Program.
Diabetes intersects with cardiovascular disease at every level. While there has been much focus on understanding atherosclerotic...Verma S and McMurray JJV. Circulation. 2019. Epub ahead of print.
Eri T Kato, Michael G Silverman, Ofri Mosenzon, et al
In DECLARE-TIMI 58, the sodium glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitor (SGLT2i) dapagliflozin reduced the composite endpoint of cardiovascular (CV) death/ hospitalization for heart failure (HHF) in a broad population of patients with T2DM.
...Kato ET et al. Circulation. 2019. Epub ahead of print.