Rahul C Shetty, MD, is currently working in the department of Cardiac Surgery at Quebec Heart Institute at the University of Laval Hospital, Canada. He is also working as a Research Fellow in the Cardiac Surgery Research Department of Hospital Laval. His main research interests include tissue engineering of bioprosthetic heart valve substitutes and the study of bone regulatory proteins associated with calcification of heart valves. Other research focus is on nanotechnology and its applications in cardiovascular surgery and utilizing virtual reality techniques for education of future medical professionals. He has written numerous articles about the application of nanotechnology in cardiovascular surgery. He is also the founding member of American Academy of Nanomedicine (AANM) and a member of the Heart Valve Society of America.