Use of contact force sensing technology during radiofrequency ablation reduces recurrence of atrial fibrillation: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Abstract

The suboptimal outcomes of atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation have been attributed to lack of transmural lesions during pulmonary vein isolation. The advent of contact force (CF) sensing technology enables real-time assessment of the applied force at the catheter-tissue interface and increases the chances of transmural lesions. We sought to perform a meta-analysis of data from eligible studies to delineate the true impact of CF technology. Database searches through April 2015 identified 9 eligible studies (enrolling 1148 patients). The relative risk of AF recurrence at follow-up was used as the primary end point and assessed with random-effects meta-analysis. Radiofrequency (RF) duration, total procedure length, and fluoroscopy exposure were assessed as secondary outcomes using weighted mean difference with the random-effects model. Compared with standard technology, the use of CF technology showed a 37% reduction (relative risk 0.63; 95% confidence interval 0.44–0.91; P = .01) in AF recurrence at a median follow-up of 12 months and a 7.3-minute reduction (95% confidence interval −14.05 to −0.55; P = .03) in RF use during ablation. There was no significant difference in total procedure length and fluoroscopy exposure between the 2 groups. In conclusion, this meta-analysis shows that the use of CF technology decreases AF recurrence at a median follow-up of 12 months and also led to decreased use of RF during ablation. There was no difference in total procedure length and fluoroscopy exposure.

Read More

Topics: 

Citation
September 2015 Volume 12, Issue 9, Pages 1990–1996.