OBJECTIVE: The study sought to compare the safety (resistance to damage) and efficacy (ability to cross the side branch) of polymer-coated and non-polymer-coated guidewires in the jailed wire technique used during the percutaneous treatment of bifurcation lesions.
BACKGROUND: The jailed wire technique is a useful strategy in the treatment of bifurcation lesions by provisional stenting. However, these wires can be damaged or even be broken during their removal.
METHODS: We performed a randomized study in patients with bifurcation lesions treated by provisional stenting. The jailed wire technique was mandatory, and the types of guidewires, polymer-coated (n = 115) and non-polymer-coated (n = 120), were randomized. After the procedures, the wires were evaluated by stereoscopic microscopy. The induced damage in the wires was classified as follows: no damage, mild, moderate, or severe.
RESULTS: The clinical characteristics were similar between patients treated with polymer-coated or non-polymer-coated wires. Polymer-coated wires were significantly (p < 0.001) more resistant to retrieval damage (only 2 wires showed mild damage) than were non-polymer-coated wires. However, 63 (55%) of the non-polymer-coated wires were damaged; 37 (32%), 24 (21%), and 2 (2%) had mild, moderate, and severe damage, respectively. Additionally, the jailed length of the wire was a factor contributing to the degree of wire damage. The time of side branch wiring was shorter in the polymer-coated wire group (19 ± 40 s vs. 42 ± 72 s; p < 0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: Jailed wires during interventional procedures of bifurcation lesions commonly showed microscopic damage. Polymer-coated wires were more resistant to retrieval damage and were more efficient in crossing the side branch ostium than non-polymer-coated wires. (Jailed Wire Technique in the Treatment of Coronary Bifurcations Lesions With Stent: Stereoscopic Microscopy Study; NCT02516891).