Predictors of Universal Catheter Failure in Transradial Coronary Angiography

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Use of a universal diagnostic catheter may decrease procedural time and catheter-exchange related spasm when compared with a dual-catheter strategy. The aim of this study was to identify preprocedural predictors of failure to complete a coronary angiogram with a universal catheter alone.

METHODS:

Consecutive patients (n = 782) who underwent a right transradial/transulnar coronary angiogram with a single operator were retrospectively reviewed. Multivariable predictors of failure to complete the procedure with a universal catheter alone were identified using logistic regression analysis and presented as odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI).

RESULTS:

Of the study population (n = 558), a total of 216 (38.7%) required exchange to a coronary-specific catheter (44.4% for right coronary artery alone, 25.5% for left coronary artery alone, 30.1% for both) and 342 (61.3%) underwent angiography with a universal catheter alone. Patients who required a catheter exchange were more likely to have the following characteristics compared with patients who underwent an angiogram with a universal catheter alone: age >75 years (27.3% vs 16.4%; P<.01), female sex (34.3% vs 23.1%; P<.01), diabetes mellitus (50.0% vs 38.3%; P<.01), hypertension (88.0% vs 74.6%; P<.001), and chronic kidney disease (29.2% vs 17.8%; P<.01). After multivariable adjustment, age >75 years (OR, 1.92; 95% CI, 1.21-3.04), female sex (OR, 1.94; 95% CI, 1.20-3.14), hypertension (OR, 2.08; 95% CI, 1.22-3.57), and chronic kidney disease (OR, 1.58; 95% CI, 1.01-2.46) predicted failure of a universal catheter alone to complete angiography.

CONCLUSIONS:

Consideration may be given to use an initial dual-catheter strategy if one or more of the following are present: elderly age, female sex, hypertension, and chronic kidney disease.

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Citation
Liebenthal R, et al. J Invasive Cardiol 2019;31;11: 341-345.