Acute Pericarditis

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  • Acute pericarditis is the most common pericardial syndrome in clinical practice. Diagnosis is based on the presence of two of the following: chest pain, pericardial friction-rub, ECG changes (new widespread ST-elevation or PR depression) and pericardial effusion. Supporting findings include inflammatory marker elevation and evidence of inflammation on imaging.

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    Acute pericarditis is the most common pericardial syndrome in clinical practice. Diagnosis is based on the presence of two of the following: chest pain, pericardial friction-rub, ECG changes (new widespread ST-elevation or PR depression) and pericardial effusion. Supporting findings include inflammatory marker elevation and evidence of inflammation on imaging.

    There are several causes of acute pericarditis. Viruses and tuberculosis are the most common aetiological factors in developed and developing countries, respectively.

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