In the era of drug-eluting stents, the provisional stenting strategy has been established as the default strategy in percutaneous coronary intervention for bifurcation lesions. However, emerging evidence shows that, in selected situations, the complex strategy of stenting both vessels regardless could reduce side-branch restenosis without penalty. In particular, the double kissing crush technique has been proven to outperform the provisional strategy and other complex strategies in randomized trials. In this review, we present the evidence comparing the 2 strategies and individual stenting techniques and discuss the roles of other optimization techniques such as final kissing balloon inflation, proximal optimization technique, intravascular ultrasonography, and optical coherence tomography. Finally, we suggest a practical approach for choosing the optimal strategy for intervention with coronary bifurcation lesions.
Clin Cardiol. 2016 Nov;39(11):684-691.