PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review aims to discuss the use of antithrombotic therapy in patients with atrial fibrillation who undergo coronary stenting with emphasis on the use of double vs triple therapy.
RECENT FINDINGS: When combined with systemic anticoagulation, dual antiplatelet therapy results in an unacceptable increase in bleeding without any improvement in prevention of thrombotic events. Direct oral anticoagulants combined with single antiplatelet therapy have reduced bleeding compared with warfarin plus dual antiplatelet therapy. Triple anticoagulation therapy with warfarin or direct oral anticoagulants leads to an excess of bleeding and is not superior in preventing thrombotic events.
SUMMARY: Recent randomized, controlled trials have shown a significant reduction in major bleeding events in patients treated with dual antithrombotic therapy compared with triple therapy without any difference in efficacy. These findings call into question whether triple therapy should remain a part of standard practice.