Magnetic resonance imaging planning in children with complex congenital heart disease – A new approach


OBJECTIVES: To compare a standard sequential 2D Planning Method (2D-PM) with a 3D offline Planning Method (3D-PM) based on 3D contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography (CE-MRA) in children with congenital heart disease (CHD).

DESIGN: In 14 children with complex CHD (mean: 2.6 years, range: 3 months to 7.6 years), axial and coronal cuts were obtained with single slice spin echo sequences to get the final double oblique longitudinal cut of the targeted anatomical structure (2D-PM, n=31). On a separate workstation, similar maximal intensity projection (MIP) images were generated offline from a 3D CE-MRA. MIP images were localizers for repeated targeted imaging using the previous spin echo sequence (3D-PM). Finally, image coverage, spatial orientation and acquisition time were compared for 2D-PM and 3D-PM.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: 2D-PM and 3D-PM images were similar: both perfectly covered the selected anatomic regions and no spatial differences were found (p>0.05). The mean time for creation of the final imaging plane was 241 ± 31 s (2D-PM) compared to 71 ± 18 s (3D-PM) (p<0.05).

CUNCLUSIONS: 3D-PM shows similar results compared to 2D-PM, but allows faster and offline planning thereby reducing the scan time significantly. As newly developed high-resolution 3D datasets can also be used further improvement of this technology is expected.

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Valverde I, Tangcharoen T, Hussain T, et al. JRSM Cardiovasc Dis 2017;6:2048004017701870.