Hypertension in children is common, occurring in 5% of the paediatric population. Although often asymptomatic, a significant proportion of children will have an underlying cause so investigation is usually justified. The measurement of blood pressure itself in children is challenging and hypertension will only be identified if children have their blood pressure checked appropriately. The long-term health risks for hypertensive children and adolescents can be substantial and so it is important to seek out and treat hypertension.
Nottingham Children's Hospital, 2016