Effectiveness and Safety of the Transradial 8Fr Sheathless Approach for Revascularization of Chronic Total Occlusions

Abstract

The experience with the transradial approach in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of chronic total occlusions (CTOs) in the United States is limited. We looked at the safety and feasibility of a home-made sheathless transradial technique (STT) with regular 8Fr catheters in CTO PCI. In March 2013, we developed an 8Fr STT for CTO PCI. We compared 119 patients who had the STT versus 122 treated with a standard transradial or transfemoral approach. The primary outcomes of interest were major vascular or bleeding site access complications. In a subgroup of patients with bilateral transradial approach, we assessed and compared radial patency 3 to 6 months after the procedure. Technical success rate of the CTO PCI was 93% in both groups. There were no major vascular or bleeding complications in the STT group. Radial hematomas were frequent but grade III occurred in 4 patients (3%) treated with the STT, not different to the incidence in the other group. The STT did not result in any increase in procedure time, contrast use, or radiation dose. Radial Doppler follow-up in 28 patients revealed 2 occlusions (7.1%) on the 8Fr shealthless side and one on the 6Fr side. In conclusion, our STT with regular 8Fr guides for CTO PCI is feasible, safe, and associated with low complication rate. We show that the hybrid CTO PCI nowadays can be performed through transradial access in the majority, with limited use of transfemoral approach.

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Citation
Am J Cardiol. 2016 Sep 15;118(6):785-9.