How to personalize NOAC for special populations and special situations

    

 

How to personalize NOAC for special populations and special situations

Tuesday 08th March 2016 @ 00:00pm (GMT)

Performed by

Gheorghe-Andrei Dan

Head of Internal Medicine Clinic & Cardiology and Electrophysiology Department

Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest (RO)

Non antivitamins K Oral Anti-Coagulants (NOAC) have emerged as a new class of antithrombotic drugs. Four randomized large scale trials (RCT) accredited dabigatran, rivaroxaban, apixaban and edoxaban as superior for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation (AF) when compared with warfarin. The superiority concerns not only the manageability (no need for coagulation monitoring, more predicable effect) but also the antithrombotic efficacy and especially the safety. Many subgroup analyses, meta-analyses registries and post-market surveillances confirmed the positive results of the RCTs and NOACs are now a reality in clinical practice. One important practical question regards the clinical decision for a specific agent, a specific dosage and a suitable monitoring test in special situations. Different from VKA, the NOAC class comprises different molecules, acting on different vulnerable targets of the coagulation cascade. This fact implies differences in physiological actions, in available test for monitoring and in dosages in special situations. Despite the fact that the accumulated evidence is still insufficient to indicate a general acceptable principle for the individualization of therapy based on differences between NOAC molecules a better knowledge of specific pharmacokinetic properties, physiology, auxiliary effects and testing methods help the physician to evaluate a clinical based indication. Moreover, the advantage of a limited number of dosages is a "two edged sword"; the principle of "one fits all" is no more suitable in special populations (very elderly, comorbidities, Asian patients...). As the long history of drug therapy demonstrated, personalization of therapy is the best target of our clinical judgement.

  • Cardiologists
  • Interventional cardiologists
  • Internal medicine fellows in practice

This webinar is to inform and educate cardiologists and cardiac surgeons on:

  • Advantages of NOAC in clinical practice
  • Pharmacological and clinical differences of NOAC
  • When and how to individualize NOAC therapy

Gheorghe-Andrei Dan, MD, PhD, EC, FESC, FAHA

  • Professor of Cardiology and Internal Medicine – Head: Internal Medicine Clinic & Cardiology and Electrophysiology Department of the Colentina University Hospital, University of Medicine and Pharmacy “Carol Davila” Bucharest
  • Immediate past-PRESIDENT, International Society of Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy (affiliated to World Heart Federation)
  • Board of Scientific Documents Writing Committee – European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA)
  • Board of National Societies Committee - European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA)
  • Executive President of the Internal Medicine Scientific Foundation “N. Gh. Lupu”
  • Editor in Chief of “The Romanian Journal of Internal Medicine”
  • Editorial Board: European Current Cardiology Review-Radcliffe, Editorial Board: Journal of Royal Society of Medicine-Cardiology and several other international journals
  • Main areas of interest: atrial fibrillation, sudden cardiac death, ventricular arrhythmias, and antiarrhythmic drugs, heart failure, atherosclerosis
  • Published and communicated more than 150 original scientific papers and research; chair and member of the Faculty in more than 450 national and international medical conferences

 

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