Acyanotic

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  • Acyanotic congenital heart diseases or left-to-right shunting lesions are the most common form of congenital heart disease. Most can be resolved spontaneously; many will remain haemodynamically significant, particularly in the premature infant. Common causes include genetic defects (e.g., trisomies), maternal infections (e.g., rubella), or maternal consumption of drugs or alcohol during pregnancy. The symptoms depend on the extent of the malformation and the resulting impairment of cardiac function. Infants may be asymptomatic or present with exercise intolerance, failure to thrive, and symptoms of heart failure.

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    Acyanotic congenital heart diseases or left-to-right shunting lesions are the most common form of congenital heart disease. Most can be resolved spontaneously; many will remain haemodynamically significant, particularly in the premature infant. Common causes include genetic defects (e.g., trisomies), maternal infections (e.g., rubella), or maternal consumption of drugs or alcohol during pregnancy. The symptoms depend on the extent of the malformation and the resulting impairment of cardiac function. Infants may be asymptomatic or present with exercise intolerance, failure to thrive, and symptoms of heart failure.

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