Comparative Case–Control analysis of a dedicated self-expanding Biolimus A9-eluting Bifurcation stent versus provisional or mandatory side branch intervention strategies in the treatment of coronary bifurcation lesions

Abstract

BACKGROUND: In a number of coronary bifurcation lesions, both the main vessel and the side branch (SB) need stent coverage.

OBJECTIVES: To analyze the procedural performance and the impact on radiation times (RT) and contrast medium consumption (CMC) of the Axxess™ stent system (Biosensors, Switzerland) treating de novo bifurcation lesions (DBL).

METHODS: One hundred and ten consecutive prospectively enrolled cases (Axxess Group) and 110 age, sex, and lesion location matched controls undergoing mandatory (Group A, n = 56) or provisional (Group B, n = 54) SB intervention were analyzed.

RESULTS: Although more pre-dilatation was performed in the Axxess Group (92.7% vs. 46.4% [Group A] vs. 24.1% [Group B]), and more stents were used (2.4 vs. 1.2 vs. 1.05), RT and CMC were significantly lower in the Axxess Group [7.9 min/129 ml vs. 14.2 min/209 ml vs. 7.8 min/152 ml; P < 0.001]. Final Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction three flow in both branches was significantly more frequent in the Axxess Group (98.2% vs. 94.6% vs. 88.9%; P = 0.02), and post-interventional troponin T elevations were the lowest in the Axxess Group. Eighty one percent of the Axxess-stents could be implanted without technical difficulties. Difficult implantations procedures were mainly related to coronary anatomy. There was no safety concerns (cardiac death, stent-thrombosis) compared to controls. Cumulative 6-months MACE rates were 11% versus 23% versus 25%. TLR rates at 6-months were 5%, 18%, and 15%, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS: Axxess bifurcation stent system procedures were associated with significantly less RT and CMC compared to conventional DBL therapy strategies. Difficult coronary anatomy may hinder successful implantation and a learning curve has to be considered. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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Citation
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2016 Sep 21.