OBJECTIVES: The authors sought to investigate 1-year outcomes in patients treated with bioresorbable everolimus-eluting vascular scaffolds (BVS) for "long coronary lesions."
BACKGROUND: The present substudy derived from the GHOST-EU registry included 1,722 lesions in 1,468 consecutive patients, enrolled between November 2011 and September 2014 at 11 European centers.
METHODS: The lesions were divided into 3 groups according to continuous BVS length: 1) shorter than 30 mm; 2) between 30 and 60 mm; and 3) longer than 60 mm. Primary device-oriented endpoint (target lesion failure [TLF]) was defined as a combination of cardiovascular death, target vessel myocardial infarction, or clinically driven target lesion revascularization.
RESULTS: Patients with lesions ≥60 mm had more comorbidities and more complex lesion characteristics, including chronic total occlusions (37%), bifurcation lesions (40.3%), higher Syntax score (16.4 ± 7.8), and higher number of scaffolds implanted per lesion (3.3 ± 0.9 mm). The main target vessel was the left anterior coronary artery in all groups. Median follow-up was 384 (interquartile range: 359 to 459) days. One-year follow-up was completed in 70.3% of patients. TLF at 1 year was significantly higher in group C (group A 4.8%, group B 4.5%, group C 14.3%; overall p = 0.001), whereas there were no significant differences between groups A and B. Finally, a numerically higher (but not statistically significant) number of scaffold thromboses were observed in group C when compared with shorter lesions (group A 2.1%, group B 1.1%, group C 3.8%; overall p = 0.29).
CONCLUSIONS: In a real-world setting, treatment of long coronary lesions with BVS ≥60 mm was associated with a higher TLF rate, driven by myocardial infarction and clinically driven target lesion revascularization.