Atrial fibrillation ablation using very short duration 50 W ablations and contact force sensing catheters

Abstract

PURPOSE: The optimal radiofrequency (RF) power and lesion duration using contact force (CF) sensing catheters for atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation are unknown. We evaluate 50 W RF power for very short durations using CF sensing catheters during AF ablation.

METHODS: We evaluated 51 patients with paroxysmal (n=20) or persistent (n=31) AF undergoing initial RF ablation.

RESULTS: A total of 3961 50 W RF lesions were given (average 77.6±19.1/patient) for an average duration of only 11.2±3.7 s. As CF increased from <10 to >40 g, the RF application duration decreased from 13.7±4.4 to 8.6±2.5 s (p<0.0005). Impedance drops occurred in all ablations, and for patients in sinus rhythm, there was loss of pacing capture during RF delivery suggesting lesion creation. Only 3% of the ablation lesions were at <5 g and 1% at >40 g of force. As CF increased, the force time integral (FTI) increased from 47±24 to 376±102 gs (p<0.0005) and the lesion index (LSI) increased from 4.10±0.51 to 7.63±0.50 (p<0.0005). Both procedure time (101±19.7 min) and total RF energy time (895±258 s) were very short. For paroxysmal AF, the single procedure freedom from AF was 86% at 1 and 2 years. For persistent AF, it was 83% at 1 year and 72% at 2 years. There were no complications.

CONCLUSION: Short duration 50 W ablations using CF sensing catheters are safe and result in excellent long-term freedom from AF for both paroxysmal and persistent AF with short procedure times and small amounts of total RF energy delivery.

Read More

Citation
Winkle RA, Moskovitz R, Hardwin Mead R, et al. J Interv Card Electrophysiol 2018;52:1–8.