A novel survival model of cardioplegic arrest and cardiopulmonary bypass in rats: a methodology paper

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Figure 1: Echocardiographic image of angioplasty balloon catheter positioned near aortic valve

Green distance measure indicating a distance of 0.23 cm from tip of balloon catheter to aortic valve. AV = aortic valve, BC = tip of balloon catheter, VC = multi-orificed venous cannula advanced into right atrium.

Figure 2: Schematic diagram of rat CPB apparatus and surgical preparation highlighting the aortic balloon catheter serving as endoaortic crossclamp.
CPB = cardiopulmonary bypass.